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Friday, July 17, 2015

How to living in Australia?

How to living in Australia?
How to living in Australia?

As is the life of an immigrant in Australia:
The life of an immigrant in any of the Australian cities is full of comfort and security that allows you to feel adapted to the new life in Australia, but as they group them according to their origin does not allow them to integrate fully with the Australian society, which in turn is generating that Australia will become a melting pot of languages ​​and different customs.
The question is always what drives the emigrant decision to leave their country? And this proved that the decision to migrate is related to the hope of a better life than they had, the chance of having better job opportunities and respect for the freedoms granted democratic society respectful of its members, in other words we say that an immigrant looking for a new home.

Unlike other countries, the life of an immigrant in Australia is totally different from what has been developing in their countries, because of the fact that the country of Australia is recognized as one of the countries enjoying a splendid technological development and with highest quality of life, in which it is integrated multicultural society, beaches and diverse natural attractions that give a different dimension to as coming from less developed countries are attracted to join.

The immigrant will have to get used to a tolerant multiracial society and is encouraged by the Government to maintain their customs inherent in their culture while respecting the Australian customs and meets Australian laws.
So the life of an immigrant will not be easy and will be full of setbacks if not dominate the English language, because it would hinder finding qualified and better paid jobs that they get factory workers or cleaning. Many immigrants aware of their status as foreigners are linked with each other mainly by geographical area, be it Asia, Latin America. These are major constraints in establishing social relationships with people of another language or origin. In other words they have been adapted but have not been integrated.
The execution of such simple activities like going to the bank or make payment of the services or shopping can become very complicated if you do not have an adequate development in English language, for its handling facilitate the immigrant integrate and communicate in Australian society .

However the Australian reality always requires us to compare with the realities of our hometowns, there insecurity, chaos, pollution and disorder, here we find order and security, the streets are passable at any time of day or night, because their authorities worry about it.
Be a permanent resident, will allow the migrant access to free education in the states of Victoria and South Australia. The health care in all cases must be handled by a private insurance taken out by the migrant.
As for living conditions offered by Australians the immigrant, all at the same level in terms of services and amenities, which easily satisfies migrants. The only difference is the high cost of living in major cities.

The emigrant in Australia knows that among the 20 most livable cities in the world is five Australian cities (Melbourne, Perth, Sydney, Adelaide and Brisbane) for their stability, health care, care of education, good infrastructure, culture and the environment.
For the migrant mass transit consists of buses, trams and ferry is affordable, allowing him to move to any part of the city where he lives.
All immigrants know that being a permanent resident must enroll in Medicare to enjoy public health care and in the case of temporary residents must enroll in a private health insurance, care plans and can choose according to their health needs.
It is also recommended that the migrant aperture your bank account before reaching one month of having entered Australian territory. The migrant shall furnish as requirements passport, valid visa to enter Australia and a certified birth certificate in order to prove their identity back. It must also provide references from other banks or individuals.
It is necessary that the migrant before coming to Australia, becomes aware of the living conditions of the resident population that is it will allow better prospects deal with the process of joining the Australian community. Therefore you must rely on family, friends as well as brochures in different languages ​​and found on the website of the Department of Immigration and Citizenship www.inmi.gov.au.

Religious tolerance is one of the hallmarks of Australian society, so must maintain a tolerant and respectful towards the beliefs of their new neighbors attitude.
Although in recent years there have been clear cases of discrimination, the Australian authorities are quite dramatic in compliance with anti-discrimination laws.
It is possible according to the customs laws of the migrant may move to Australian territory with its own furniture.
Do not forget that during the first three months, you can use your international driver's license until you process the Australian driver's license.
Rent housing guarantee means leaving an agreed amount, we must not forget that the lease can be quite expensive.More Info

Immigrants are obliged to enroll children whose age ranges between 5 and 15 years of age in the various existing schools.
For many migrants live in Australia it has meant they consider worth living the experience of Australia, who deem best place to immigrate to the United States and Canada.

In short, the migrant in Australian cities mostly fits the Australian lifestyle but not integrated.

Types of employment contract in Australia

Types of employment contract in Australia
Australians types of work contracts:
Australian employers prefer an employee who is already suited to the Australian labor market, thereby generally hire migrant workers with temporary work contract type Contract and Casual Work and after three months depending on the skills and qualifications of migrant and his knowledge of the English language can provide access to good jobs permanently by using the Full Time Work or full-time job with better working conditions and recognition of rights.
The Australian labor market is very competitive for being a developed country and by having a highly skilled workforce, which seeks to keep up to date through continuous training and ongoing skill development, it is known that the Australian businessman prefers to recruit staff trained to have to prepare and diverting part of their working day, after seeing forced to recognize overtime payments.

Australian businessperson wishes labors who master several tasks at once in order to entrust them multidisciplinary activities therefore accepts only workers who are suitably qualified to develop a work and in the case of migrants the same situation occurs, for it always It recommends that the first thing to do is to find an immigrant employment in Australia, which will allow you to understand and exercise as are the conditions and requirements of the Australian labor market.
It is in this context that the types of employment contract in the Australian labor market called Casual or Temporary Work Contract Work, Work or Work Full Time Full Time and Part Time Work or part-time work are developed.
The Temporary Work Contract and Casual Work:
It's the kind of majority work in Australia, does not mean signing a contract formal work, it's just filling a timesheet or timesheet where the number of hours worked during the week for payment purposes is recorded and leads the signature of the employer and the worker as a sign of agreement.
The advantages of this type of temporary work contract or Casual Work Contract, is related to the amount of the salary is very high relative to the wages of full-time jobs. The disadvantages of this type of contract Temporary Work Contract or Casual Labor, are mentioned to do not assurance permanence or continued employment after completing the contract generally reaches three months, does not provide any employment benefits such as vacation, does not recognize periods of rest sick and always worked workweek exceeds 40 hours worked.
It should be emphasized that this type of temporary work contract or Casual Work Contract, the value of hours worked is not only in relation to the type of work but to show the worker skills, the English language proficiency and qualifications holds.
The search for a Temporary Work Contract or Casual Work, usually done on the papers for the sectors of tourism, hotels and restaurants, whose characteristics make possible the requirement of skilled labor.
Usually this type of provisional work contract or Casual Work Contract, is used as a trial to offer the migrant then a Full Time Work or full time job.

The Full Time Work or full-time work:
It allows the immigrant to have labor rights and benefits. Given its status as a permanent contract the migrant worker must labor 40 hours receive overtime payments made shall be entitled to paid leave, if you get sick you will be recognized medical break and most importantly for many allows the contributions intended for retirement .
The Full Time Work or full-time work, has an amount of lower hourly wage Temporary Work time or Casual Work Contract.
Work Part Time or Part-time work:
It is often confused with the Temporary Work Contract and Casual Work, but large differences between them here in this type of contract if a contract is signed for a period of time previously defined even in the days but less than 40 hours per week established by law. Recognizes vacation, medical leaves but wages are lower due to the recognition of these formalities.
In all types of contract Casual or Temporary Work Contract Work, Work or Work Full Time Full Time and Part Time Work or part-time work, wages are subject to tax rebates that Australian law provides for all profit.
There are other variations of such contracts as Job Sharing Job Sharing or consisting of two employees share the same job divided between them the days and hours during the week.
You can also use the contract Flexible Time and Flexible Time is a combination of Part Time Work or part-time work and job sharing or job sharing and consists of both employer and employee agree freely develop work hired on a flexible schedule .
Importantly, labor relations in the types of contract Work Full Time or Full-Time Work and Work Part Time or Part-Time Work in most Australian states and territories except Victoria State, are governed by an award and federal and / or state award which compliance is mandatory for employers, with the Wage Award which stipulates the conditions of minimum wage.
Australia being a country where the fundamental rights of workers are safeguarded, the presence of unions has allowed to negotiate with employers and obtain Certificates or Certified Agreements that guarantee adequate wages and working conditions. Also for those workers who do not wish to join a union and employer agree directly with wages and working conditions are Australians or Australian Workplace Agreements Workplace Agreement (AWA).
The assistances to which the worker accessed by subscription contract types Work or Work Full Time Full Time and Part Time Work or part-time work are:

- License Annual Leave for vacation or holiday break consisting of four weeks for each completed year of continuous work. It can be exchanged for cash equivalent to half the holiday period.
- License for Relationship or Parental Leave which in turn is subdivided into Mother's license or license Maternity Leave and Paternity Leave Fathers or awarded for childbirth and can not be given at the same time. It can reach up to 52 weeks this license but during the period granted the employee receives no salary. It can also be requested by denominating Adoptive Parents Adoption Leave and License for adoptive parents.
- License Caregiver / or Personal / Career’s consisting Leave a License unpaid for 10 days for the worker to be addressed in a disease or failing to care for an immediate family member who is ill or the death of a member of his family.
- License employment seniority or consisting Long Service Leave the employer may grant to his employee up to 13 weeks of leave after serving 15 years of continuous work, depending on the state or territory where they reside.
- Retirement Plan or Superannuation that is that the employer made cash deposits, equivalent to 9% of their wages in retirement funds chosen by the worker.
- The conclusion of the service association or Eligible Termination Payment or ETP means that in any case of unlawful or unfair dismissal the employer must pay an amount of money for benefits not enjoyed.
Brief the work conventions in Australia are differentiated by the duration of the contract, the weekly working hours and the recognition of labor rights such as 40-hour working week, rest homes, medical rest, overtime pay, leave kinship , leave to care for sick family members entitled to retirement plans, and benefit not enjoyed recognition in the case being dismissed. More Info

How to maintain everything as a tourists in Australia?

How to maintain everything as a tourists in Australia
Australia
1. The travel documents

Eleven. Before leaving the airport, check the following documents:
- International passport;
- Flights;
- Insurance policy;
- Tourist voucher (vouchers);
- A certificate from the bank on the export of currency (if the equivalent exported more than $ 10 000. Per person);
- Driver's license (if you plan to rent a car);
- Power of attorney for both parents (for children traveling with one parent).
12. Documents for travel with the child.
If your minor child is traveling with one parent, do not forget to bring the documents to prove this relationship and a notarized power of attorney from the other parent.
If the child goes with any relative, friend or a group of tourists in one, then a notarized consent is required from both parents (legal representatives: the stepfather, stepmother, guardians). If the location of one of the parents is not installed or it is not a long time (long trip, seriously ill, etc.), it is desirable to have a certificate of the institution concerned confirming this fact. When parents divorce can impose on the border of a certificate of divorce, and the court's decision on the abandonment of a child from a parent who has issued a notarized consent for a tourist trip of the child.

2. The right to cross the Russian border

2.1. Arriving at the airport you need for 2.5 hours before the departure time on the ticket.
2.2. To board the flight should:
- Pass the customs inspection, which you need to fill out a customs declaration. Forms of customs declarations are in front of the customs line on the tables or special stands.
If you take out the foreign currency equivalent of:
- Up to 3000 dollars. US per person, the amount of exported freely.
- Up to 10 000 dollars. US per person, the amount to be declared, and the passage through the red channel.
- More than $ 10 000. Per person, it is necessary to have bank documents.
Customs control is carried out in the wing, where check-in is carried out;
- Check in at the front desk and get your boarding pass. Number of reception indicated on the central display in front of the hotel of your flight;
- Pass the border control.
Then to board a plane through the entrance with a number specified in the boarding pass.
We remind you that registration closes 40 minutes before departure.

3. TERMS OF ARRIVAL TO AUSTRALIA

3.1. On arrival in Australia on a customs control must submit the following documents:
- Passport with Australian visa;
- Completed fault "arriving" in Australia.
The card is issued for the arrival of an aircraft, it also is possible to take and complete the airport. The card is filled in English black or blue pen.
Pay special attention to the list of items imported into the country, which should be noted on the card:
- Drugs, steroids, weapons of any kind, drugs or illegal drugs;
- Alcohol - more than 1125 ml., Cigarettes - more than 250 pcs., Tobacco products - more than 250 g .;
- Items for commercial use
- Cash in any currency if its equivalent is equal to or greater than 10.000 AUD (Australian dollars).
The import of food products, as well as products made of wood and plant materials is prohibited !!!
Also be sure to indicate if you are:
- Visited rural areas, farming outside Australia in the past 30 days, please indicate this.
- Were in Africa or South America during the last 6 days.
You can be fined more than 200 AUD (Australian dollars), on-site or even prosecuted in court and detained, unless you specify in the "Card comes" items subject to quarantine. If you are not sure whether the imported items to the "quarantine", be sure to specify them and ask about their employee quarantine service.
If you have nothing to declare, you go through the green channel.
If you declare anything, go through the red channel.

3.2. In the country of arrival you will be greeted with a sign representative of the host specified in the voucher in the box «SUPPLIER»!
Recommended to all travelers to stay close to your group and wait for the rest of the group will pass the passport and customs control. After all members of the group gathered in the list and mark the guide, the group goes to the bus that will take you to the hotel.

3.3. In case of any problem related to your stay (transfers, hotel accommodation,
disadvantages Service, excursions, etc.), please immediately contact a representative of the host company at the numbers listed in the graph vaucheoe «supplier».

3.4. You should know exactly the name of the city and the hotel where you are going (if you are not guided tour).

4. TERMS OF DEPARTURE FROM AUSTRALIA

4.1. Departure from the hotel / airport transfers:
Check-in time at the hotel 12:00. Your luggage, you can leave in the storage room of the hotel. You need to pay for additional services before the arrival of the bus. Please all the extras (mini-bar, telephone, etc.) to pay in advance.

4.2. Upon arrival at the airport immediately at the entrance of Customs control of baggage. Follow to the front desk, which shows the number of your flight, shall luggage and get a boarding pass. After that, go through passport control, which fill out the registration card of departure. Then follow in the departure lounge, where you expect the ad to fit your trip. Beig into the cabin of the liquid to be contained in the packaging of 100 ml. all liquid in multiples of 100 ml. you need to take in your luggage.
Australia banned the export of Australian plants and animals, objects of wildlife (corals, shells, etc.), items of historical value.
When leaving Australia you have to fill in the card out of Australia. This card you can take at the airport from which you are traveling.

5. COUNTRY

The official name of Australia - Commonwealth of Australia, the form of government - a constitutional monarchy. The head of state is the Queen of England, represented by the Governor-General. Legislative authority is the Parliament consisting of the Senate and House of Representatives. Executive power is vested in the Government headed by the Prime Minister, who is the leader of the political party with the most votes in the House of Representatives. Australia consists of 6 states and 2 territories: Capital Territory (Canberra) New South Wales (the capital of Sydney), Victoria (the capital of Melbourne), Queensland (capital Brisbane) South Australia (capital Adelaide), Western Australia (capital Perth), Tasmania (Hobart the capital) and the Northern Territory (the administrative center of Darwin).
- VISA
Tourist visa is for tourism, visiting relatives and friends, or study in Australia up to three months. Persons receiving this visa, have no right to do business or work in Australia, and are obliged to leave Australia after the expiry of their visa.
If you want to take part in a conference related to your employment, or specialization, you will need to apply for short-term business visa subclass 456, even if you want to combine it with a guided tour of Australia.
- Customs
Passengers are allowed to bring into Australia without payment of a fee as follows:
- Items in the amount of 900 AUD (for passengers under 18 years - 450 AUD). For example, cameras, electronic equipment, perfume, leather goods, jewelry, watches, sporting goods, etc.). This amount does not include the cost of alcoholic drinks and tobacco products.
- 1125 ml of alcoholic beverages (including wine, beer or spirits) for passengers older than 18 years;
- Tobacco products: 250 cigarettes or 250 grams of cigars or other tobacco products for passengers over 18 years;
- Most personal items such as new clothing, shoes, toilet articles;
- Personal belongings that were in use for at least 12 months may be imported into Australia without payment of duties and sales tax (may need proof of purchase date);
Goods acquired abroad or purchased in Australia without payment of duties and sales tax on departure is included in the duty-free rate.

- TIME
In Australia, three time zones in which there are three modes of time:
- West Australian Time (Western Australia) GMT + 8 hours.
- Tsentralnoavstraliyskoe Time (South Australia, Northern Territory and the county of Broken Hill in New South Wales) GMT + 9 hours.
- Vostochnoavstraliyskoe time (Queensland, Victoria, Tasmania and Canberra, New South Wales - except Broken Hill County) GMT + 10 hours. Some states passes in October-March, saving time, and the difference increases one hour. This is not all the states and at the same time.

- CLIMATE
Because of its enormous size and unique geographical position Australia is characterized by a huge variety of climatic conditions - from subequatorial areas in the north to temperate in the south sea.
The hottest time of the year from November to January. At that time, throughout Australia air temperature ranges from +20 to C to +32 to C, and in the central regions can go up to + 38-42 to C. The wettest months - summer. Some areas are experiencing annual periods of drought or floods.

- CURRENCY UNIT
Australian currency is the Australian dollar (international designation AUD), and serve as a bargaining chip cents. The appeal is 5 banknotes of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 dollars, coins 1 and $ 2 coins and 5, 10, 20, 50 cents.
Money exchange can be done in banks, their branches at the airport or in the exchange offices.
We accept most cards (VISA, Mastercard, Bankcard, American Express, Diners Club).

- TRANSPORT
Traffic - the left. Drivers - foreigners must be over 21 years old and be in possession of a driver's license of the international sample (in English), as well as a passport with a valid visa. Rights of international standard valid for three months from the date of entry into Australia. Use of seat belts mandatory, for children need to apply special chair. The roads are modern and in excellent condition. Almost anywhere, especially on the deserted road, the road may run across large animals.

- TELEPHONE
Telephone booths are everywhere, the cost of calls within Australia from 40 cents. From any phone booth, you can make long distance and international calls. To make an international call, dial 0011, then the country code (7 digits for Russia) and area code. For convenience, we recommend to buy a phone card, which are sold in news agencies and shops. Mobile operates on standard GSM. You can use roaming or buy a SIM-card in the airport or at any point in the mobile communication.

- NATIONAL FEATURES
Residents of Australia's friendly, easily trained, different denial of authority, love of sharp word. The backbone of the population was immigrants from England and Ireland.
Australians are extremely laconic, they are shortness of remarkable quality. Local English - talk of the town. The habit of talking through his teeth, and with half-closed lips (a legacy of hard times) do the talking at first very difficult.

- TIP
The restaurants to leave 10% of the order value.

- MEDICINE
Terms of use insurance policy
To obtain timely medical care should immediately contact the Service Centre on the telephone number listed in the policy and tell the operator the following information:
- Full name of the insured, in need of assistance
- The policy number and the period of its validity
- The nature of assistance required
- Location of the insured and coordinates feedback
Follow the instructions of the operator!

6. PRECAUTIONS
6.1. Precautions at the airport:
- Watch your luggage. Do not leave it unattended even for a short time;
- Do not change at the airport large sums of money, because the road you will not need them.

6.2. Precautions and recommendations for hotel accommodation:
- Keep your money, documents and valuables in the hotel safe;
- If the room has a mini bar, all drinks taken from him during your stay must be paid on departure day at the reception of the hotel.

6.3. Precautions on excursions:
- Before each tour, check availability on this tour;
- Do not take a large amount of cash;
- Arrive on time to board the bus at the beginning of the tour. The tour arrives on time to the designated place of tours during stops along the tour program;
- Money and valuables left in the tour bus, the driver is not responsible;
- At the end of the tour did not forget their belongings on the bus.

6.4. Precautions on the street:
- Make a copy of your personal documents and the originals as possible with them do not wear;
- Do not tell outsiders the name of the hotel in which you live, and your room number;
- In the case of loss or theft of credit cards, traveler's checks are not canceled. To do this, call your bank;
- On the street, avoid street demonstrations and other occasions of large gatherings of people;
- When traveling on public transport in advance cook money on travel costs;
Without a specific need not carry large sums of money, under any circumstances, carry money in hand purses;
- If you go for a walk with your family, arrange in advance where you will meet if someone gets lost.

6.5. Precautions and recommendations for renting a car:
- You can rent a car at a presentation of passport and driver's license of international standard. Order the machine can be in rolling offices, through the administration of the hotel. Some companies that provide car rental, additional requirements for the driver (not to be under the age of 21 or 23 years, and a driver's license must be obtained to them for at least a year or two years ago).
Upon receipt of the vehicle, in some cases you may be asked to leave a certain amount of collateral;
- Do not leave the vehicle unattended with things;
- Pay close attention to the rules of traffic and parking in the host country.

7. IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Consulate General in Australia
Consul General of Russia - Tatyana Grushko
The Consulate General is located at: 7-9 Fullerton Street Woollahra, Sydney NSW 2025
Tel: (02) 9326-1866, (02) 9326-1702
Department issuing visas:
Tel: (02) 9326-1188; Fax: (02) 9327-5065